Exodus 18

17 Moses’ father-in-law replied, “What you are doing is not good. 18 You and these people who come to you will only wear yourselves out. The work is too heavy for you; you cannot handle it alone. 19 Listen now to me and I will give you some advice, and may God be with you. You must be the people’s representative before God and bring their disputes to him. 20 Teach them his decrees and instructions, and show them the way they are to live and how they are to behave. 21 But select capable men from all the people—men who fear God, trustworthy men who hate dishonest gain—and appoint them as officials over thousands, hundreds, fifties and tens. 22 Have them serve as judges for the people at all times, but have them bring every difficult case to you; the simple cases they can decide themselves. That will make your load lighter, because they will share it with you. 23 If you do this and God so commands, you will be able to stand the strain, and all these people will go home satisfied.”
— Exodus 18:17-23

Leadership Model



DEVELOPER (Where) - Pioneer

Land developers acquire property and oversee construction of residential, commercial and industrial structures. They work with local governments to ensure land is developed in compliance with zoning ordinances and regulations.

Land developers take into account property value, economic trends and zoning ordinances when assessing land for potential projects. They might apply to localities and work with regional planners to rezone or subdivide a parcel of land.

“Developers scour the land looking for good deals. It’s not just a matter of finding land, but getting it at a price where you can make money. After regulatory approval is received, which may mean many public hearings with the community, the design stage and then layout begins. Street widths and the size of the lots are decided. Lighting and sewer systems are laid down, he says. Land developers spend time working outside in the field or on site at one of their projects. They may also spend time in an office negotiating contracts. Many nights are passed in school auditoriums or other government buildings where public hearings are held.”
— Darren Fluke - Land Developer

Characteristics of a DEVELOPER: Visionary, BIG Picture thinker, driven, strong resolve, tenacious, calculated, persuasive, work out of hours, good negotiators, single focused, a little erratic, highly strategic…

Example of Biblical Developer: Moses, Nehemiah rebuilding the Wall.

ARCHITECT (What) - Strategic Leader

Architects design all kinds of buildings. They design schools and skyscrapers. They design hospitals and hotels. They also design churches, train stations and plain old regular houses.

Any building that is used by people was probably designed by some architect.

A design is simply a plan. Before constructing a building, an architect needs to draw a plan of the building. Sometimes architects will make a cardboard or plastic model of the building.

The building is then built by a construction company which follows the directions of the plans for the building. The architect will closely supervise the construction company to make sure that the building is built according to the plans.

Architects have to think of many things before they draw up the plans for a building. First they have to think about what the building will be used for. How many people are going to use the building at the same time? What types of activities will these people do in the building?

An office building will need lots of small rooms for offices. A school will need many medium-sized rooms for classrooms. And a train station will need one larger room for hundreds of people to pass thru at the same time.

All of these building must be built so that they can be used efficiently by everyone who walks through their doors. When architects discuss what the building will be used for, they talk about the "function" of the building.

But the function of a building is just one of many things an architect has to think about when designing a building. Good architects also spend a lot of time making sure a building is safely designed, and making sure the building will last for many years.

A building that is not safely designed could catch on fire or fall down on itself.

Architects have to design building so that people can escape from the building in an emergency. Of course, some emergencies, such as earthquakes or tornadoes, destroy even the safest buildings.

Besides thinking about the function and safety of a building, architects also spend time creatively thinking about how they want the building to look. Just as a painter decides which paints to put where in a painting, an architect decides where to put the rooms, walls, and open spaces in a building.

Just as different painters have different styles of painting, different architects have different styles of designing. One architect might like to use a lot of circles and curves in his or her buildings. Another architect might like to design buildings that look sleek and flat.

So architects have to be good artists and good scientists when they design a building. The building must be pleasant to look at, pleasant to work in and strong enough to be safe from most natural disasters.

Trying to do all these things at the same time is part of the challenge and excitement of being an architect.

Characteristics of an ARCHITECT: Creative, Sees the Big Picture and knows how it all connects, understands process, Problem solver, Make decisions easy, knows what will work and won’t work…..

DRAFTSMAN (Why) - Detailed Designer

Traditionally a draftsperson prepared technical drawings and plans under the direction of an architect. The act of drafting being part of the architectural process: The architect works out how their design will be built, passes this to their draftsperson in the form of sketches, which they re-draw neatly for distribution to the builder. It freed up architects to take on more projects.

Drafting can be applied to many other areas besides construction and architecture. Drafting can be used to create drawings of circuitry or mechanical designs. A draftsman's drawings include technical details and specifications such as materials, dimensions and procedures. Draftsmen use calculators, tables and technical handbooks.

The type of work a draftsman does depends on his or her area of expertise. For example, architectural drafters produce drawings for new construction projects. They may specialize in residential or commercial buildings or in the type of material used, such as steel, timber or reinforced concrete. Civil drafters prepare drawings for use in major civil engineering projects, such as highway and bridge construction, sewage systems and flood-control projects. Common drafting fields include aeronautics, electronics and architecture.

Characteristics of an Draftsman: Detailed, creative, technical, multi tasking, process driven,

BUILDER (How) - Multi -Tasking Supervisor

Builders oversee, coordinate and work on the construction or repair of homes and other buildings. In addition to undertaking some of the works personally, some Builders also manage the entire project. This may include arranging for subcontractors to complete specific jobs, and making sure that the project meets industry and government regulations as well as the clients’ requirements.

As a Builder, you’ll be responsible for a range of manual, managerial and administrative responsibilities, which may include:

Interpreting plans or organising for plans to be drawn that meet building code regulations and client specifications.

Providing quotes or submitting tenders for building works.

Submitting plans to local authorities for approval.

Arranging inspections of building work.

Organising contractors including carpenters, electricians, plumbers and painters to carry out building tasks.

Undertaking some building work personally.

Calculating quantities and costs and sourcing of building materials and labour.

Supervising contractors or employees to ensure safety standards are maintained and works remain on schedule.

Coordinating administrative tasks such as payment.

Characteristics of a Builder: Interpret the Vision, Financial Integrity, Organisational ability, Multi -Tasking, Be prepared to get your hands dirty, Supervising, Administrative,

TRADESMAN (When) - Skilled Worker

A tradesman is a specially trained worker who might work in fields such as construction or crafts. Tradesmen have more training than basic manual labourers, but they are not professional workers like doctors and attorneys. They might work independently or under the supervision of a contractor or other business owner.

This work can include designing and consulting during the development process to set out specifications for a project and develop a plan. The tradesman might work independently or supervise a crew on the project, depending on its size and complexity.

To become a tradesman, it usually is necessary to complete a traditional apprenticeship, sometimes paired with attendance at a trade school. During the apprenticeship, trainees complete a set number of hours of training as they develop their skills.

Characteristics of a Tradesman: Trained, work independently, team player, skilled, organised, supervised.